8 Most Common Terminologies to Get Familiar with Before Trading in Crypto

published on: April 8, 2022 last updated on: July 26, 2022
Trading in Crypto

Cryptocurrency is a completely different ecosystem from conventional equities and bonds in many respects.

To properly evaluate virtual currencies, a trader may need to look into a number of disciplines apart from relying on the best crypto trading bots and other technological advancements.

Even for experienced mainstream investors, mastering the fundamentals requires a while due to unfamiliar terminologies, evolving technology, and trying to keep up with the trends.

Since certain jargons are specific to virtual currency, traders researching different asset classes like equities, securities, and commodities are unlikely to have followed suit.

Here are the most often used cryptocurrency terminologies and phrases that you should be familiar with in order to fully comprehend the lingo used in crypto trading and cryptocurrency-related news.

8 Terminologies to Look For Before Trading in Crypto

1. Peer-to-peer

Peer-to-peer (P2P) denotes direct communication between the individual parties without the use of a middleman.

In short, all blockchain technologies are peer-to-peer systems that allow anything to be transferred without the need for a foreign entity to authenticate the transaction since the blockchain fulfils that purpose.

2. Mining


The method of producing additional cryptocurrency units is known as mining. It’s a consensus technique that’s used to confirm new transactions before they’re added to the blockchain.

Each time a new block is mined, the Bitcoin community creates new bitcoins. In this case, mining entails verifying transactions and putting them together in blocks.

This procedure is energy-intensive and necessitates a lot of processing power, sophisticated technology, and storage space for high-speed servers. Miners are rewarded for confirming blocks of transactions in a proof-of-work environment by earning a set amount of tokens.

3. Blockchain

The blockchain is a decentralised ledger that allows for the safe recording of transactions. The blockchain is made up of a succession of blocks, each of which contains a list of validated transactions. It is ‘decentralised,’ which means it runs without a centralized authority.

A blockchain’s records can’t be changed or removed. To fix any faults or errors made in earlier transactions, a new transaction must be created.

While the blockchain ecosystem involves various components, node operators play a crucial role. They’re ultimately responsible for keeping the blockchain’s software up-to-date and running smoothly. They do most of the heavy lifting in terms of validating transactions and adding blocks to the blockchain.

Node operators verify transactions by checking them against other nodes on their local area network (LAN). They send these verified transactions to other nodes, where they are also verified before being added to a block by another group of nodes called miners

4. Staking


Apart from PoW, there is another system for powering a blockchain: proof-of-stake (PoS). Only miners who “stake” their cryptocurrency, in relation to the number of tokens they stake, are eligible to engage as verifying nodes under a PoS system.

Miners are chosen depending according to how many units they hold in virtual currencies that employ this technique for verification. Individuals who verify transactions, dubbed “forgers” in these circumstances, are compensated for their services with transaction fees.

5. Smart contracts

A smart contract is a computer programme that is programmed to carry out a specific transaction depending on a set of pre-determined criteria.

The blockchain executes such contracts autonomously once the conditions that govern them have been satisfied. Once a contract has been included in the blockchain, it cannot be changed.

6. Crypto wallets

Crypto wallets

A wallet is a programme that allows you to safely store your crypto tokens. A wallet serves as a storage facility for crypto tokens, which are simply bits of code. Without the owner’s permission, a wallet prohibits third parties from obtaining the codes. There are two sorts of wallets: cold storage that isn’t linked to the web and hot storage that is.


An initial coin offering or ICO is the very first time a company sells virtual tokens to the public in order to raise funds. These offers are regularly held by businesses in order to raise funds for initiatives. On the other hand, a token sale conducted through an exchange is known as an initial exchange offering or IEO. This differs from an initial coin offering (ICO), in which the group behind such a project sells digital tokens.

8. Market Cap

The word “market cap” refers to the entire market value of a company’s stock. The market valuation of Bitcoin, for instance, is calculated by multiplying the amount of BTC in circulation by the value of the cryptocurrency. A set of virtual currencies can also be referred to by this phrase.


Novice traders can improve their probability of gaining their financial objectives by conducting the appropriate research and understanding the common terminologies.

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Sumona is the publisher for Finance Team. In terms of professional commitments, she carries out publishing sentient blogs by maintaining top to toe on-page SEO aspects. Follow more of her contributions at SmartBusinessDaily and FollowtheFashion

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